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Tuesday, 18 April 2017

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Adverb

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Adverb

Adverb

A word or groups of words that qualifies anything accept a noun or a pronoun is called adverb. It is a word that is used to change or qualify the meaning of an adjective, a verb, a clause, or another verb. e.g. He ran fast. Please talk sensibly.

Adverbs are classified on the basis of information it gives.

Types of Adverb

  • Simple Adverb
  • Interrogative Adverb
  • Relative Adverb


Simple Adverb
Simple Adverb is classified into:

Adverb of manner
Adverb of manner tells us about manner of how something is done or happens in the sentence. The adverb which answer the questions how or in what manner. Such types of adverb end with ‘ly’ such as cheerfully, badly, quickly, etc.
Adverb of Place
Adverb of place tells us about the where something is done or happens in the sentence. This type of adverb which answer the question ‘where’. e.g. here, outside, above, inside, etc.
Adverb of time
Adverb of time tells us about time of happenings or time of something is done in the sentence. These type of adverb answer the question ’when’. Adverbs of time are already, afterwards, immediately, always, last month, etc.
Adverb of frequency
Adverb of frequency tells us about how often something is done or happens is the sentence. The adverb which answers the questions ‘how often’. e.g. again, frequently, generally, ever, hardly ever, nearly, nearly always, always, occasionally, often, rarely, etc.
Adverb of Quantity
Adverb of frequency tells us about the level or extent of something is done or happens is the sentence. The adverb which answers the questions ‘to what extent’, ‘to what degree’, or ‘how much’. e.g. almost, nearly, quite, much, really, too, very, so, etc.

Interrogative Adverb
Interrogative adverb is used to ask questions. These includes why, when, where and how. When did he come? Where is your brother?

Relative Adverb
When interrogative adverbs are used in a ‘relative sense’. They are called relative adverb. These includes when, where and why. This is where we play. This is the place where we met.

Written by: Asad Hussain

Monday, 17 April 2017

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Preposition

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Preposition

Preposition

A word or group of words placed before a noun or a pronoun to show what one person or thing has to do with another person or thing is called preposition. e.g. A house on a hill.

Types of preposition

  • Preposition of time
  • Preposition of place
  • Preposition of direction
  • Preposition phrase


Preposition of time
It is used to indicate time of an action or time relationship between nouns in the sentence. e.g.  at, to, in, etc. I go to school daily at 7 ‘o clock.

Preposition of place
It is used to show where something is located. e.g. at, in, on, while, near, over, under, between, behind, etc. Book is on the table.

Preposition of direction
It is used to indicate the direction of someone or something in the sentence. e.g. over, under, to, on, into, in, onto, right, left, etc. The car is going into the tunnel.

Preposition phrase
It is a group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun. The noun or pronoun is the object of the preposition. They live on the corner.

Written by: Asad Hussain

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Conjunction

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Conjunction

Conjunction

A word that joins one word to another word, phrase or sentence is called conjunction. e.g. We ate fish and chips. I like it but I can't afford it.

Types of conjunction

  • Coordinating conjunction
  • Correlative conjunction
  • Subordinating conjunction


Coordinating conjunction
Coordinating conjunction joins sentences or words of similar values or equal ranks. e.g. and, but, for, or, not. He is intelligent but moody.

Correlative conjunction
Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs. They are similar to coordinating conjunction as they are used to join sentence that are similar in ranks. e.g. Both...and, either....or, neither....nor, not only...but also. Both Asad and Usama are players.

Subordinating conjunction
Subordinating conjunction joins a dependent clause to a main clause in a sentence. e.g. Because, after, if, since, that, when, where, although, as, as if, unless, before, though, till, while, than. He likes to read while it rains.

Written by: Asad Hussain

Thursday, 13 April 2017

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Chemistry I (Physical Chemistry)

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Chemistry I (Physical Chemistry)

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Chemistry I (Physical Chemistry) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain

Written by: Asad Hussain


BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Zoology I (Invertebrate Diversity)

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Zoology I (Invertebrate Diversity)

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Zoology I (Invertebrate Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 3

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Zoology I (Invertebrate Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 2

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Zoology I (Invertebrate Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 1

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Zoology I (Invertebrate Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain


 Written by: Asad Hussain

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Botany I (Plant Diversity)

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Botany I (Plant Diversity)

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Botany I (Plant Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 4

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Botany I (Plant Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 3

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Botany I (Plant Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 1

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Botany I (Plant Diversity) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain

Written by: Asad Hussain

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Computer (Introduction and Application)

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Computer (Introduction and Application)

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Computer (Introduction and Application) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 6

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Computer (Introduction and Application) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 1

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Computer (Introduction and Application) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain

Written by: Asad Hussain

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 English I (Language in Use)

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 English I (Language in Use)

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 English I (Language in Use) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 5

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 English I (Language in Use) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 2

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 English I (Language in Use) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 1

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 English I (Language in Use) fscnotes0 Asad Hussain



 Written by: Asad Hussain


BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat

BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 8

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 6
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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 2
BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 3

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BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat fscnotes0 Asad Hussain
BS (Hons) Chemistry Past Papers Semester 1 Islamiat fscnotes0 Asad Hussain 1


Written by: Asad Hussain

Saturday, 8 April 2017

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Adjectives

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Adjectives

Adjectives

Describing words. A word use to add something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun is called adjective. e.g., He is a nice man. Asad is brave.

Types of Adjectives

  • Proper Adjective
  • Descriptive Adjective
  • Numeral Adjective
  • Demonstrative Adjective
  • Possessive Adjective
  • Interrogative Adjective
  • Emphasizing Adjective
  • Exclamatory Adjective
  • Predicate Adjective


Proper Adjective
Those adjectives which describes a thing by some proper noun are called proper adjectives. e.g. The Pakistan army.

Descriptive Adjective
It is the types of adjective that are used to express the size, color, or shape of a person, a thing, an animal, or a place. Or we can say adjectives that are used to describe noun or noun phrases. e.g. A beautiful day.

Numeral Adjective
It is used to show how many persons or things are meant, or in what order a person or thing stands. e.g. I have four shirts.

Demonstrative Adjective
They are used to demonstrate specific people, animals, or things. Those, these, this are demonstrative adjectives. This book, those pencils.

Possessive Adjective
Possessive nouns are used to show possession. My, his, her, our, your, their are examples of possessive adjectives. e.g. My book. His bag.

Interrogative Adjective
Adjectives which are used with nouns to ask questions are called interrogative adjectives. Which, whose and what are examples of interrogative adjectives? E.g. whose bike is this? What book is that?

Emphasizing Adjective
They are used to emphasize a noun. The words own and very are used for emphasis. e.g. Mind your own business.

Exclamatory Adjective
When the word what is used to express strong emotions then it is called exclamatory adjective. e.g. What a shot! What an idea!

Predicate Adjective
A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject of the linking verb. e.g. The wall is blue.


Most adjectives of quality, two adjectives of quantity (much and little) , and two adjectives of number(many and few), have degrees of comparison.

There are three degrees of comparison:
The Positive Degree:
It shows simple quality. e.g. a small car.
The Comparative Degree:
It shows a higher degree of the quality. e.g. a smaller car. (Comparison of two things of same class)
The Superlative Degree:
It shows the highest of the quality. e.g. the smallest car. (Comparison of one thing with all other things of the same class)

Written by: Asad Hussain


Saturday, 1 April 2017

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Verb

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Verb

Verb

A word or group of words used to describe a state, an action or experience is called verb, e.g. She sleeps. I am a student.

Types of verb

  • Action verb
  • Transitive verb
  • Intransitive verb
  • Linking verb
  • Auxiliaries


Action Verb
Action verb is used to express or tell what the subject has or does. Action verb expresses action.
He runs.

Transitive verb
Transitive verb is used to express activities that do not stop with the doer. It passes from the doer to something else. He picked a book.

Intransitive verb
Intransitive verb is used to express activities that stop with the doer. It does not pass from the doer to something else. He weeps bitterly.

Linking verb
Linking verb is used to connect the subject part with a noun or an adjective in the predicate part. Linking verb just links the action verb to the action is. The sky is blue.

Auxiliaries
It is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears, such as to tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc. It usually accompanies the main verb. I have finished my dinner.

Basic forms of verb
Every verb has five basic form, the base, -s, past, ing and past participle forms. All tenses of a verb can be formed from these principal parts and helping verbs.
Base form (1st) Begin
Present Participle(ing) Beginning
Past (2nd) Began
Past Participle (3rd) Begun

Written by: Asad Hussain