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FSc Notes Biology Part 1 Chapter 5 Variety of Life

          FSc Notes Biology Part 1 Chapter 5 Variety of Life

Q 1.What is vaccine?
Ans. A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulates host's immune system to mount defenses against the pathogen.

Q 2. Which are the kinds of the hepatitis caused by virus yet unidentified?
Ans. There are hepatitis F and hepatitis G.

Q 3. What is virology?
Ans. The study if viruses is known as virology.

Q 4. What is the origin of the word virus?
Ans. The word virus is derived from a Latin word venome which means poisonous fluid.

Q 5. Define the term species?
Ans. Species is a group of individual which resemble with one another and can freely breed among themselves in nature to produce fertile offspring.

Q 6. Who isolated the virus from the host tobacco cells in and when?
Ans. Stanley isolated viruses from the host tobacco cells in 1935.

Q 7. When did small pox occur as epidermic in China?
Ans. In 12th Century B.C.

Q 8. Name the organism which shares the characters of both the plants as well as animals/
Ans. The organism is Euglena.

Q 9. How do antibodies like penicillin and streptomycin etc. Affect the pathogenic viruses?
Ans. The viruses are generally resistant to antibodies.

Q 10. What is the nature of nucleic acid in phages?
Ans. The nucleic acid in phages is the DNA.

Q 11. What is autotrophy?
Ans. An organism which can prepare its own food from simple inorganic material is called an autotrophic and this phenomenon is called autotrophy.

Q 12. What us HAV abbreviation for?
Ans. HAV is abbreviation for Hepatitis A virus.

Q 13. How is HIV transmitted?
Ans. It is transmitted by intimate sexual contact, use of common syringes, contact with blood and breast feeding etc.

Q 14. What does bacteriophage mean?
Ans. Bacteriophage means "bacteria eater".

Q 15. List the divisions of the biological classification system of animals.
Ans. These are the phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.

Q 16. Is silver fish really a fish?
Ans. Not it is an insect.

Q 17. Name the five kingdoms of Whittekar.
Ans. These are Monera, Protista, Plantae, Fungi and Animalia.

Q 18. What is an obligate parasite?
Ans. An organisms which can live only as parasite in the body of the host is called as obligate parasite.

Q 19. Write down the cause and symptoms of hepatitis B.
Ans. Hepatitis B is caused by hepatitis virus HGV. Its symptoms are fatigue, loss of appetite and Jaundice.

Q 20. When was AIDS virus named and what?
Ans. AIDS virus was named in 1986 as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Q 21. Define obligate parasite.
Ans. A parasite which reproduces or multiplies only in the host cell is called obligate parasite.

Q 22. Who introduced the technique of vaccination and when?
Ans. Edward Jenner introduced the technique of vaccination in 1796.

Q 23. Write down the phylum and class of zea mays.
Ans. These are anthophyta (Tracheophyta) and Monocodyledonae respectively.

Q 24. How do viruses range in size?
Ans. The viruses range in size is from 20 nm of parvoviruses to 250 nm of pox viruses.

Q 25. What is temperature phage?
Ans. The phage which causes lysogen is called temperature (lysogenic) phage.

Q 26. What is the role of capsid?
Ans. Capsid is a protein shell that encloses the virol genome. It gives definite shape to virion.

Q 27. What is the Swedish botanist, Carolus Linnaeus famous for?
Ans. Carolus Linnaeus devised a system for giving scientific names to plants and animals in 1753.

Q 28. What term did Chatton use in 1937 to describe bacteria?
Ans. The term used was procariotique.

Written By: Asad Hussain


  1. good material

  2. very well prepared

  3. good biology notes

  4. very very good biology notes

  5. Helpful for all standard students ...


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