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Saturday, 8 April 2017

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Adjectives

FSc ICS FA Intermediate English Parts of Speech Types of Adjectives

Adjectives

Describing words. A word use to add something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun is called adjective. e.g., He is a nice man. Asad is brave.

Types of Adjectives

  • Proper Adjective
  • Descriptive Adjective
  • Numeral Adjective
  • Demonstrative Adjective
  • Possessive Adjective
  • Interrogative Adjective
  • Emphasizing Adjective
  • Exclamatory Adjective
  • Predicate Adjective


Proper Adjective
Those adjectives which describes a thing by some proper noun are called proper adjectives. e.g. The Pakistan army.

Descriptive Adjective
It is the types of adjective that are used to express the size, color, or shape of a person, a thing, an animal, or a place. Or we can say adjectives that are used to describe noun or noun phrases. e.g. A beautiful day.

Numeral Adjective
It is used to show how many persons or things are meant, or in what order a person or thing stands. e.g. I have four shirts.

Demonstrative Adjective
They are used to demonstrate specific people, animals, or things. Those, these, this are demonstrative adjectives. This book, those pencils.

Possessive Adjective
Possessive nouns are used to show possession. My, his, her, our, your, their are examples of possessive adjectives. e.g. My book. His bag.

Interrogative Adjective
Adjectives which are used with nouns to ask questions are called interrogative adjectives. Which, whose and what are examples of interrogative adjectives? E.g. whose bike is this? What book is that?

Emphasizing Adjective
They are used to emphasize a noun. The words own and very are used for emphasis. e.g. Mind your own business.

Exclamatory Adjective
When the word what is used to express strong emotions then it is called exclamatory adjective. e.g. What a shot! What an idea!

Predicate Adjective
A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject of the linking verb. e.g. The wall is blue.


Most adjectives of quality, two adjectives of quantity (much and little) , and two adjectives of number(many and few), have degrees of comparison.

There are three degrees of comparison:
The Positive Degree:
It shows simple quality. e.g. a small car.
The Comparative Degree:
It shows a higher degree of the quality. e.g. a smaller car. (Comparison of two things of same class)
The Superlative Degree:
It shows the highest of the quality. e.g. the smallest car. (Comparison of one thing with all other things of the same class)

Written by: Asad Hussain


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