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Tuesday, 11 October 2016

FSc Notes Part 1 Biology Branches of Biology

FSc Notes Part 1 Biology Branches of Biology

Branches of Biology

Morphology:
Study of form and structures of different parts of living organisms.

Anatomy:
Study of internal gross structure of living organisms.

Physiology:
Study of functions of different parts of body.

Histology:
Study of tissues with the help of microscope.

Cystology:
Study of cells and their organelles.

Genetics:
Study of hereditary characters and their inheritance.

Zoogeography:
Study of geographical distribution of animals on earth.

Molecular Biology:
Study of structures of organisms, the cells and organelles at molecular level.

Environmental Biology:
Study of organisms in relation to their environment. This includes interaction between the organisms and their inorganic and organic environment specially it relates to human activities.

Microbiology:
Study of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, protozoa etc)

Fresh Water Biology:
Study of life in fresh water bodies( such as ponds, river, lakes etc) and physical and chemical parameters of these water bodies.

Marine Biology:
Study of life in seas, oceans, physical and chemical parameters of the sea.

Biotechnology:
It deals with the use of living organisms, systems or processes in manufacturing and service industries.

Parasitology:
Study of parasites i.e., structure, mode of transmission, life histories, host parasite relationship.

Palaeontology:
Study of fossils and their relation with evolution of life on earth.

Embryology:
Study of formation and development of embryos.

Evolution:
Study of origin of new species by diversification of older ones.

Taxonomy:
It deals with the naming and classification of organisms.

Human Biology:
It deals with the study of man. This includes form and structure, functions, histology, anatomy morphology, cell biology, genetics etc. of human beings.

Social Biology:
Study of social behavior and communal life of human beings.


Written by: Asad Hussain


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