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Tuesday, 30 December 2014

Intermediate Stories The Farmer and his Dog.

              Intermediate Stories The Farmer and his Dog.

Once upon a time, there was a farmer who lived in a village. He was very hardworking and good natured but he had one weakness i.e. his impulsive nature. He had a small son whom he loved greatly. He had some sheep and a dog to look after them. The dog also loved to be with the farmer's son.

One day, he went out hunting and left his son sleeping in his room. There was nobody else in the house. When he reached the forest, he found that his dog was not with him. He was annoyed to find that. He returned home and was shocked to see his dog. Its mouth and paws were bloodstained. As he entered, he found blood all about the house. He became cold when thought of his son. He called out his name nobody responded. Torn with grief, he looked at the dog and an idea came to his mind like a blaze of terrible blue lightning: "this dog must have killed my son". This made him furious and he killed his dog at the spot.

When he entered the room of his child, he saw an unexpected scene. He saw his child sleeping safe and sound and a dead wolf lying nearby. He became stunned and gathered that the wild wolf came to kill his son and the dog fought with him to fulfill its duty. And the blood that he saw on the body of the dog and in the house was not of child but that of the wolf. The farmer wept bitterly because he had learnt the lesson that "haste makes waste" at a great price.

Moral:

  • Haste makes Waste.

  • It is useless to cry over spilt milk.

  • Look before you leap.

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Monday, 29 December 2014

Quotations By Asad Hussain

                        Quotations By Asad Hussain:

http://fscnotes0.blogspot.com/2014/12/quotations-by-asad-hussain.html

   If you have confidence in yourself, You can achieve anything.
   By: Asad Gujjar

Quote by Asad Hussain

Make up your mind. This clears the fog around you.
By Asad Hussain

Quote Asad Husaain

Everyday is better than the Previous. If it is not then, I will make it better.
By Asad Hussain

Quote By Asad Hussain

Quitting: Does not mean you can not do it, Sometimes it means You do not want to do it.
By Asad Hussain

Quote By Asad Hussain

What is Love?                                                                               Love is a feeling of complete, comfortable and relaxed. In the presense of each other.                                                                  By Asad Hussain

You are Every Move you make. Make a Move.

By Asad Hussain

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Sunday, 28 December 2014

Intermediate Stories The Farmer and his Sons.

             Intermediate Stories The Farmer and his Sons.

An old farmer lived in a village with his three sons. The sons were grown up and healthy, but they used to quarrel with one another all the time. The father tried his best to bring harmony among them. But even his best efforts proved fruitless in bringing peace among them.

It so happened that he fell seriously ill one day. In fear of being dead soon. the father thought of a plan to teach them a lesson about the worth of unity for the last time. He summoned his sons and asked them to bring some sticks of equal length with them. When the sons did the same, he tied them into a bundle and asked them to break it one by one. All of them tried their best to do what they were told but remained unsuccessful.

At this the father smiled and said, "Well, my sons! Now untie the bundle and try to break the sticks separately", In no time, the sticks of the bundle were reduced to small pieces. It was the time that the old man was waiting for, so, he said, "My sons! You see, when the sticks were tied together, nobody could break them. Once, they were separated, it became easy to break them. Thus, together you rise and individual you die. "These words touched the hearts of his sons deeply. They at once realized their mistakes and understood what their father wanted them to learn. Henceforth, they always remained united and powerful.

Moral:

  • Union is Strength.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Saturday, 27 December 2014

Intermediate Stories Clever Bat.

                      Intermediate Stories Clever Bat.

Once upon a time all the animals and birds of the jungle assembled to select their king. The animals claimed to have the king out of themselves because they were powerful as well as wise. The birds said that they were superior to animals because they were more active than animals and could also fly in the air. Therefore, they had the right to the kingship of the forest. A bat was also present in this gathering. She tried to be over-clever and played the double role. When she saw the animals winning the contest, she supported them, claiming herself a milk-giving animal. At the other moment she supported the claim of the birds thinking that she could also fly.

At last the animals won this contest. They selected the lion as their leader and hence the king of the forest. The bat went to the animals and wished to be classed with them. But they knew her double policy and turned her out. Then she went to the birds and wanted to associate herself with them. But they were also angry with her and refused to own her, in this way the poor bat could not help staying alone.

Moral:

  • A Rolling Stone Gathers No Moss.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

Intermediate Stories A Thirsty Crow.

                    Intermediate Stories A Thirsty Crow.

Once upon a time there was a crow who was very thirsty. He flew here and there in search of water. But unfortunately, it was a hot day he could not get even a single drop of water in spite of his best efforts. At last he flew into a garden. Though he was much tired with his search but he was relieved to find a jug of water there. He at once went towards it but became disappointed that the water was too low to drink. But he did not lose heart at it.

Intelligent as he was, he began thinking of a way to quench his raging thirst. Soon he hit upon a bright idea. There was a heap of pebbles nearby. The crow went there, picked the pebbles and dropped them one by one into jug. The water rose up gradually. He drank water, quenched his thirst and flew away.

Moral:

  • Necessity is the Mother of Invention.

  • No pains, no gains.

  • Where there is will, there is a way.

  • God helps those who help themselves

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Friday, 26 December 2014

Intermediate Stories A Farmer and his Donkey.

            Intermediate Stories A Farmer and his Donkey.

Once upon a time, a farmer had a donkey. He took it to the market to sell it. His younger son was also with him. Both were walking along with the donkey. They came across a man on the way. He said, " O brothers! You have a donkey for riding. Then why are you walking on foot." The farmer wanted to please this man. He seated his son on the donkey. After covering some distance, they met an old man . He said to the boy. "Your old father is walking on foot, while you are sitting comfortably on the donkey." On hearing this, the son descended, and asked his father to ride on the donkey.

They had not gone very far when they met an old lady. She said to the farmer "You are very heartless. Your younger son is walking on foot, while you are riding on the donkey." The farmer decided to please this lady also. He seated his son on the donkey with him.

When they reached near the city, they came across a witty man. He said to the farmer, 'O brother! It is not just. You are two, and the donkey is one. It would be more fair if you carry the donkey.' They wanted to please this man also. They tied the legs of the donkey with a rope. Then the donkey was turned up side down. A stout stick was passed through the donkey's legs, and both the father and the son carried him on their shoulders. When they were crossing the bridge of a stream, the donkey felt afraid to see water. He struggled hard to get free but the donkey fell into the stream and was drowned.

After suffering the loss of donkey the farmer realized that it is impossible to please everybody in this world.

Moral:

  • It is Impossible to Please Everybody in this World

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Monday, 22 December 2014

Intermediate Stories A Wealthy Merchant.

                Intermediate Stories A Wealthy Merchant.

Once there lived a wealthy merchant. His town located near a dense forest. He went on a certain business and earned a handsome cash. When he was returning to his native town through the dense forest, there came a rainstorm. He stopped his horse and got shelter under a tree. He started abusing the rain as it discomforted him in the cold night. However, he restarted his journey as soon as the rain stopped. He had not gone far when he found the way blocked by a fallen tree. Meanwhile he was overtaken by a robber who asked for cash and the horse as well. The merchant didn't want to lose his cash and the horse.

So there was a duel and the robber pulled the trigger of his pistol to kill the merchant luckily the gun powder had become wet by the rain. The robber had to run away. Then the merchant realized that the rain was a blessing in disguise for him.

 Moral:

  • A Blessing in Disguise.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Friday, 19 December 2014

Intermediate Stories The Milkmaid and Her Pail.

         Intermediate Stories The Milkmaid and Her Pail.

There lived a farmer in a village. He had a young daughter. She was really an imaginative sort of girl. One morning she went out to milk the cows and was returning to the dairy carrying her pail on her head. As she went along she began thinking: "The milk in this pail will provide me with cream, which I will make into butter and take to market to sell. With this money I will buy a bunch of eggs. When they are hatched, they will produce chickens, and by I shall have quite a large poultry yard.

With the money that I get from the sale of these eggs I will buy myself a new dress which I will wear to the fair. All the young men of the nearby towns come up and speak to me! The village girls will be jealous but I don't care. I shall just look at them and toss my head like this."

As she spoke she tossed her head back, the pail fell from her head. All the milk was spilled, and all her castles in the air vanished.


Moral:

  • Do not build castles in the air.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

Thursday, 18 December 2014

Intermediate Stories The Wolf and the Lamb.

              Intermediate Stories The Wolf and the Lamb.

Once upon a time a wolf was drinking water at a spring on a hillside. He saw a little lamb just beginning to drink water a little lower down. He thought the lamb a possible lunch and plan to seize it. Then he called out to the lamb, "How dare you muddle the water from which i am drinking?"

The little creature replied, "Nay, master, nay if the water be muddy up there, I cannot be the cause of it, for it runs down from you to me."

"Well, then, " said the wolf, "Why did you call me bad names this time last year?"

The lamb replied, "That cannot be me as I am only six months old"

"I don't care," The wolf snarled and said. "I don't care, if it was your father, " and with that he rushed upon the poor little lamb and ate her all up. The little creature was just crying.

 Moral:

  • Might is Right.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

Sunday, 14 December 2014

Intermediate Stories Three Friends and a Bag of Ornaments.

   Intermediate Stories Three Friends and a Bag of Ornaments.

Once upon a time, three travelers met on a road. They discovered that they had to go in the same direction. So, they decided to travel together. They walked on, sharing their experiences with one another and in a short while, they became good friends. They promised to help each other in the hour of need.

On the way, they had to pass through a thick forest. They were tired after long journey, and the cool shades of trees tempted them to take rest. So, they sat down. Suddenly, they saw something glittering in the sunlight at a distance. They hurried towards it and found that it was a big metal, box full of precious ornaments. Naturally, they got very excited and decided to divide the ornaments among themselves equally. But each wished privately to have all the wealth by himself.

After sometime, they felt hungry and one of them offered to go to nearby village and get food. In his absence, greed took the better of the two and they conspired to kill the third and get all the wealth. Therefore, as soon as the third friend returned, they fell upon him and put him to death instantly. Hardly had they finished the food when they fell on the ground and died. The reason being, wishing to become the sole owner of the wealth, the third friend had added some poison into the food. Their dead bodies teach us a great lesson that greed is a curse and also one of the biggest vices of the world.

Moral:

  1. As you sow, so shall you reap.

  2. Greed is a curse.

  3. He who digs a pit for others himself falls into it.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

Intermediate Stories The Friends and the Bear.

              Intermediate Stories The Friends and the Bear.

Once, there lived two friends Usama and Waleed in a village. They had great love for each other and were determined to help each other in the hour of need. Unfortunately, they were jobless and one day, decided to try their luck somewhere else. So they set off to the town lying many miles away from their homes. In the meanwhile, they vowed to stand by each other on the way.

To reach the town, they had to pass through a thick and dense jungle. They had not gone far when they saw a bear coming towards them, They became frozen with fear. Suddenly, Usama climbed a tree. He got himself at a good height leaving his friend all alone in the danger. Waleed was left on his own. He was at his wits ends. He did not know how to climb a tree in no time. Suddenly, it occurred to him that the bears do not eat the dead. An idea flashed into his mind. By lying down on the ground, he pretended to be dead by holding his breath. The bear came nearer, sniffed him all around and finding no signs of life, went away.

After some time, Usama climbed down and shook Waleed and told him that the danger was over. He also asked amusingly from Waleed, "Dear, what did the bear whisper in your ears?" At this, Waleed replied promptly, "The bear has forbidden me to trust a selfish friend". Saying this, he left Usama and took his own way.

 Moral:

  1. A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

 

Intermediate Stories The Hare and the Tortoise.

          Intermediate Stories The Hare and the Tortoise.

This story took place in old times when all animals lived peacefully. It so happened that a hare and tortoise became good friend. The tortoise lived in a pond while the hare had made his burrow nearby. Their relationship went on smoothly except that there was one problem. The hare was very proud of his speed and often taunted his friend for his slow speed. The tortoise would get hurt but remained silent.                      

One day, the hare was siting with other animals and a usual boasting of his speed. out of pride , He challenge them to run a race with him. The tortoise said that he would accept the challenge."What a joke" remarked the hare distrustfully,but the tortoise kept calm. A distant tree was chosen as the finishing point. The race started and the hare got out of sight at once. but, soon, he stopped to slow his contempt for the slow tortoise and lay down for a nap. In the meantime, the tortoise kept on moving steadily.

After waking up, the hare looked back and got satisfied for not seeing any sign of the tortoise nearby. It was evening,and the weather was mild, so he began to walk leisurely towards the finishing point. When he reached there, he was stunned to see the tortoise already resting at the wining post. He became very embarrassed when the tortoise remarked ."You were very proud of your speed but behold! slow and steady wins the race".

Moral:

  1. Slow and Steady Wins the Race.

  2. Pride hath a fall.

 

Written By: Asad Hussain

Thursday, 11 December 2014

Intermediate Stories The Slave and the Lion

                              The Slave and the Lion

It is said that there lived a Negro slave. His master was very cruel and often tortured him without any excuse. Getting tired of his master's cruelties, the slave fled in the darkness of night. He ran and ran until he reached a forest.
He sat under a tree to catch his breath when suddenly he was taken aback on hearing the loud roars of lion He could not run away because the animal was very near to him. He was surprised that the lion did not jump at him; instead it was striking its paws on the ground.he approached the lion and saw one of its paws swollen and bleeding. He held its paw in one of his hands and found a thorn in it. He took out the thorn. The lion licked his hands and went away. Soon he heard voices of people and before he could run away, he found himself surrounded and arrested by soldiers. They put him into prison. The authorities decided to throw him in front of a hungry lion in order to make an example for the other slaves.
On the day of execution the soldiers brought him to the arena built for such purposes, and they pushed him into the cage of a hungry lion. As soon as the lion saw him, it rushed roaring towards him. But soon it stopped short and began licking the hands of its benefactor to the surprise of spectators. It was the same lion whom the slave had helped in the forest. After hearing the story of the slave the authorities were greatly moved and pardoned him. It is rightly said, "Kindness begets kindness".

 Morals for this story:

  1. Virtue never goes unrewarded.

  2. Kindness has its own reward.

  3. Do unto others as you would be done by.

  4. Do Good, Have Good.


Written By: Asad Hussain

Tuesday, 9 December 2014

Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Night Mail

          Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Night Mail



Border:       boundary, periphery, line dividing two lands/areas.
Corner:       nook, niche, bay, bend.
Beatock:     name of mountainous area.
Steady:        continual, unchanging.
Clime:          ascent, rise.
Gradient:     slope, an incline, slant.
Past:            beyond, away from.
Moorland:    health, track of untilled land, open, barrel land.
Boulder:      small hill, rock, stone.
Shoveling:    throwing, scooping.
steam:          vaporous.
Snorting:      producing harsh/angry sound, puffing.
Bent:            stooped, bowed.
Approaches:advances, reaches, comes up.
Stare:           gaze, look, fixedly, glare.
Blank:          emotionless, impassive, impression-less.
Coaches:     railway carriages.
Course:        path, track, way.
Slumber:      sleep, snooze, doze, sleep, peacefully.
Wakes:        gets up, awakes.
Shakes:       quivers, shivers, vibrates, tremble.
Gently:         softly.


Written By: Asad Hussain

Sunday, 7 December 2014

Types of Poems

                                 Types of Poems

There are many different types of poems. The difference between each type is based on the format, rhyme, scheme and subject matter. Following are a few forms.

Elegy:     A lyric poem that laments the dead. An explicitly identified elegy is W.H. Auden’s “In memory of William Butler Yeats” and his “Funeral Blues”
Open form/Free verse:    A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure.
Sonnet:    A fourteen-line poem. The Shakespearean or English sonnet is arranged as three quatrains and a final couplet, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg. The Petrarchan or Italian sonnet divides into two parts: an eight-line octave and a six-line sestet, rhyming abba abba cde cde or abba abba cd cd cd.
Octave:    An eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza; or a section of a poem, as in the octave of a sonnet.
Ode:    A long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter and form. It is usually a serious poem on a exalted subject.
Ballad:    A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas; characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style.
Epic:    A long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero.
Epigram:    A brief witty poem, often satirical.
Lyric poem:    A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling.
Narrative Poem:    A poem that tells a story.
Haiku:    Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry which is composed of three non rhyming lines.

                                                      Poets on Poetry:

Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility. (William Wordsworth)
Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal. (T.S. Eliot)

Written By: Asad Hussain


Friday, 5 December 2014

Intermediate English XI Synonyms Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now

    Intermediate English XI Synonyms Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now



Loveliest:    charming, beautiful, attractive.                               
Hung:          covered, bowed.                                    
Bloom:         blossom, a lot of flowers.                               
Bough:         branch, offshoot of a tree.                                
Woodland:   land covered with trees.                               
Ride:           path, track, route.                                   
Score:          twenty.                                           
Room:         span, time.

Written By: Asad Hussain

Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Rain

              Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Rain



Drinking:       absorbing, imbibing, sipping.                               
Rich:              affluent, fertile, productive, prosperous.                        
Top:                uppermost, peak, the highest point.                        
Beneath:        below, under.                                        
Sweet noise:  musical sound.                                    
Stop:              cease, halt, terminate, impede.                                
Wondrous:     impressive, fantastic, marvelous.                            
Round:          spherical.                                    
Hope:            expect, anticipate, aspire.                               
Bright:          shinning, full of light.                                
Lovely:         enchanting, bewitching.

Written By: Asad Hussain

Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Feed (Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi)

Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Feed(Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi)



Grain:         the seed of plants that are used for food; a single seed.                   
Millet:        small-seeded grasses, grain for fodder.                           
Feed:         to nurture, to nourish, to give or provide food to someone.               
Conjoining: joining together, combining, uniting, associating, linking, connecting.           
Solace:       to give comfort to in grief or misfortune, relief, consolation.               
Fissuring:    breaking into pieces or small units, cracking dividing splitting.               
Weep:        to cry, sob, bewail, mourn.                               
Wail:          to complain in loud voice, lament, groan, howl, cry, mourn, moan.           
Loud:         noise, roar.                                   
Tiny:          little, small, teeny.                                   
Atom:        a very small amount of something, grain, particle, speck.                   
Splitting:     braking apart, dividing, cracking, cutting, tearing.                   
Set:           life on foot begin or start with life, learn to live support.                   
Beak:        bill, nib, hard pointed part of a bird.

Written By: Asad Hussain

      

Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Hollow Men (T.S.Elliot)

Intermediate English XI Synonyms The Hollow Men (T.S.Elliot)



Hollow:        empty from inside, not solid, worthless, artificial, unreal fake, bogus.           
Stuffed:       filled, packed                                       
lean:            to rely for support, bend forward, incline.                       
Headpieces: brains, intelligence, rationality, wisdom, dense.                   
Straw:          dry streams of wheat, husk, hay, grass.                           
Dried:          dehydrated, deaden.                                   
Whisper:      soft voices, murmur mutter, speak gently.                       
Quiet:           silent, hushed, muffled, inaudible, low.                           
Meaningless: senseless, pointless, cold, absurd, unintelligence.               
Cellar:          storeroom, basement, underground room, storage.                   
Form:           figure, geometry.                                   
Shade:         shadow.                                       
Paralyzed:    disabled, lame, crippled, impotent.                           
Gesture:       signal, mime, motion, wave, movement.                           
Motion         movement, move.                                   
Crossed:      departed, left the world.                               
Direst eyes:  steady eyes, constructive approach, set goals.                       
Lost:            missing, gone, misplaced.                               
Violent:        ambitious, enthusiastic, desirous, fiery, zealous, anger, keen.               
Souls:          spirit, psyche.                                       
Alas:           used to express sadness, woe, agony.

Written By: Asad Hussain